One effect of climate change in many parts of the world is likely to be a change in rainfall patterns, which may further restrict the supply of groundwater and surface water in areas where it is already limited and even reduce availability in comparatively water-rich countries, such as the UK. [...]
Material and Production
deals with all sorts of men-made goods and materials, from mining to agriculture and animal husbandry, includes their processing up to final products of all sorts and also waste treatment
Breivoll Inspection Technologies AS (BIT) is a Norwegian SME and a provider of condition assessment services to water utilities world-wide. BITs role in the TRUST project is to provide data from inspections of water mains in participating cities to participating researchers. A pipeline condition database has previously been delivered. TRUST [...]
1) characterization of mechanical properties and formability of the material TiAL6V4 at various conditions of straining. 2) Description of not only mechanical properties of the processed samples of forming Ti-40, Ti-15-3-3-3, and Ti-6Al-4V alloys sheets, but also homogeneity of their microstructure.
Two experimental setups for hot incremental forming processes using localized heating have been successfully developed. One setup is based on localized resistance heating whereas the second setup is based on local laser heating. For both processes the general applicability has been demonstrated. In order to ensure safe and stable processes [...]
WSK has received a lot of information and data from TECNALIA e.g. roughness values, geometric deviation, tool force, forming steps. WSK cooperated with TECNALIA in intermediate annealing. All TECNALIA experiences will be very useful for making parts using the ISF method in WSK.
Experiments showed that springback error can be predicted with a high level of accuracy. Additionally, results show the optimum values for some of the parameters involved.
An assessment method has been presented to evaluate the energy efficiency of two hot AISF processes. Localised laser heating is a lean alternative compared with global heating. However, an important drawback in localised heating is the excessive residual stress developed due to the combined heating and forming processes. The localised [...]
Following rigorous research work, TWI has produced a validated numerical model. Based on a heat input profile supplied by the process engineer, the model is able to simulate the localised heating process of a Ti sheet undergoing asymmetric forming. The model accommodates linear and non-linear heating paths.
The INMA consortium is integrated by two end users, one equipment provider, four research organisations, three universities and the EASN association. Participation of industrial partners who will directly exploit the project results guarantees the impact of the project.
IPM-1 has been used to successfully generate a corrected tool path that has been used to fabricate a new geometry that is closer to the desired shape than that produced using an uncorrected tool path. IPM-2 still needs more analysis.