Project: Fire Risks Assessment And Increase Of Passenger Survivability

Acronym: 
AIRCRAFTFIRE
Runtime: 
01.01.2011 to 31.12.2013
Status: 
completed project
Programme: 
Framework Programme 7
Approved by
Coordinator
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The project aims for the increase of passenger survivability in the case of fire aboard aircraft focused on the next generation of aircraft. The composite materials and other combustible materials are increasingly used in order to reduce the weight of the aircraft or to higher the passenger comfort, but they raise the fire load significantly.

Although these materials have passed the certification tests, it is necessary to study and assess fire risks for relevant areas, specific zones of the aircraft and the entire aircraft. Existing and validated simulation tools will be adapted in the project. Today the simulation of fire propagation and evacuation in aeronautics suffers from lacking data of material properties and fire behaviour. Relevant data necessary for the proposed advanced simulation as far as not available will be gained by experiments.
Beside the provision of physical and chemical data a sound analysis of existing data bases maintained by aviation authority, airline and aircraft manufacturer in order to identify and classify the relevant fire related scenarios for in-flight and post-crash fires will provide the second basis for the improved simulation.

The project will analyze the sensing capacities and deployment of the relevant sensors aboard aircraft and make use of advanced sensor data fusion to increase the overall performances. This together with the results of the simulation of fire propagation will allow recommending improvements for the aircraft operation in case of fire related incidents. Together with the result of the advanced evacuation simulation the results of the project will directly influence the design of the next generation of aircraft with respect to fire prevention and fire management.

The consortium composed of aircraft manufacturer, aviation authority, research establishments and universities will undertake the necessary efforts to make the gained knowledge available to all relevant parties to achieve the project objectives.

PROJECT GOALS:

Increase the passenger and crew survivability during in-flight and post-crash fires

Fire threat analysis:
• Analysis of aircraft incident/accident caused by fire or causing fire and its consequences on aircraft control, safe landing and passenger's survivability
• Identification of generic fire scenarios
• Selection of standard composites widely used in new generation of aircraft

Fire prevention:
• Determination of the composite material fire properties (flammability, ignition, smoke generation, combustion mechanisms, toxicity...) used for new generation of aircraft required to model fire and to prevent aircraft fire threats

Fire protection:
• Providing a numerical modelling (fire ignition, growth, smoke generation and motion, ..) of simplified fire configurations representative of real scenarios using the material property data previously determined
• Evaluation of fire detection and extinction systems to protect the aircraft in studied fire configurations

Fire simulation tools:
• Elaboration of a full scale modelling of fire evolution in the aircraft. This modelling requires, as input, the material properties and the knowledge of the fire behaviour obtained by the results of the modelling of generic scenarios
• Development of a numerical evacuation model.

Fire management:
• Synthesis of the experimental and numerical results
• Transfer of the conclusions to the fire and evacuation simulation software
• Aircraft fire safety improvement in civil aviation
The results of the project AIRCRAFTFIRE have different expected impacts on fire safety in aeronautics. The impacts follow the work programme performed by the AIRCRAFTFIRE consortium. AIRCRAFTFIRE will mainly: - evaluate the new fire threat induced by the massive use of composites in aeronautics; - provide flammability, toxicity and burning [...]

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Organisations and people involved in this project.

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CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE

(France)

Role in project: Project Coordination

Contact person: Mr. SOULLIE Patrice

Website: http://www.cnrs.fr

Phone: +33-238255200

Contact

AIRBUS OPERATIONS SAS

(France)

Contact person: Mr. PICOT Thierry

Phone: +33-561936172

Contact

CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY

(United Kingdom)

Contact person: Mr. GREENE Richard Graham

Website: http://www.caa.co.uk

Phone: +44-1293573462

Contact

EADS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH

(Germany)

Contact person: Mr. LANG Werner

Website: http://www.eads.net

Phone: +49-8960728653

Contact

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V

(Germany)

Contact person: Ms. ZEUMANN Andrea

Website: http://www.fraunhofer.de

Phone: +49-8912052723

Contact

HASKOLI ISLANDS

(Iceland)

Contact person: Dr. KRISTJANSDOTTIR Greta Bjork

Website: http://www.hi.is

Phone: +354-5255492

Contact

INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQUEES DE ROUEN

(France)

Contact person: Dr. COURMONTAGNE Nora

Website: http://www.insa-rouen.fr

Phone: +33-0232956529

Contact

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT DELFT

(Netherlands)

Contact person: Mr. HOEKSTRA Martin

Website: http://www.tudelft.nl

Phone: +31-152785214

Contact

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

(United Kingdom)

Contact person: Ms. NOBLE Angela

Website: http://www.ed.ac.uk

Phone: +44-131-650-9024

Contact

UNIVERSITY OF GREENWICH

(United Kingdom)

Contact person: Prof. GALEA Edwin

Website: http://www.gre.ac.uk

Phone: +44-2083318730

Contact

UNIVERSITY OF PATRAS

(Greece)

Contact person: Prof. PANIDIS Thrassos

Website: http://www.upatras.gr

Phone: +30-2610997242

Contact

UNIVERSITY OF ULSTER

(United Kingdom)

Contact person: Dr. PATTON Anne-Marie

Website: http://www.ulster.ac.uk

Phone: +44-2870324242

Contact