Innovation: Network For The Development Of Sustainable Approaches For Large-Scale Implementation Of Sanitation In Africa

Last update: 29.06.2013
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Keywords: 
civil engineering, information transmission, africa urine excreta, anthropology, construction technology, sustainable, tropical medicine, sanitation west, life sciences, health, sustainable development, medicine, information and communication technology applications
Without a sharp acceleration in the rate of progress, the world will miss the MDG sanitation target by half a billion people. For instance, in sub-Saharan Africa almost two-thirds of the population (64%) are lacking adequate access to excreta disposal facilities. In African countries the sanitation coverage varies from 84% in urban areas to 45% in rural areas. To achieve the year 2015 goal for urban water supply coverage an additional 210 million (194 in rural areas) people over the next 15 years will have to be provided with service. The proposed Coordination Action, aims to congregate the most relevant stakeholders in the field of sustainable sanitation in the Sub-Saharan African and European frame. NETSSAF will promote international cooperation between re search organisations, associations, universities and social and governmental stakeholders in a European and Sub-Saharan African context, focussed in particular in the West African countries.
A sustainable sanitation expert and research co-ordination platform and an expertise network will be established, in order to co-ordinate, assess and guide suitable research and strategic activities with the aim of identifying best practices, gaps in knowledge and barriers to further execution and to propose directions for futures research. The aim of the proposed network will be to develop a variety of innovative, adaptable and replicable approaches to sustainable sanitation, integrating appropriate low cost technologies in the context of community based management and their relevant governance, institutional frameworks and socio-economic constraints. The main outcome will be the development of a Participative Multi-stakeholder Sanitation Management Support Tool aimed for the end-users to be able to apply large scale sanitation concepts and technologies adapted to the different conditions prevailing in Africa.

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The millennium development goals (MDG) regarding sanitation could not be met by 2015 unless provision of sanitary services in African countries was rapidly increased. The NETSSAF project aimed to establish collaboration between European and international stakeholders and to promote communication between research organisations, associations, universities and social and governmental authorities towards this direction. The project focused on sub-Saharan Africa, particularly on the West African countries. Its overall target was to propose feasible solutions for the achievement of the sanitation MDG in the continent.

Among the project objectives was to identify best practices, gaps in knowledge and application barriers to coordinate undertaken research and development (R&D) activities and to propose directions for future attempts. In addition, a variety of innovative, adaptable and replicable approaches to sustainable sanitation were developed, integrating appropriate low-cost technologies with community-based management, relevant frameworks and socioeconomic constraints. The principal NETSSAF outcome was the creation of a sanitation management support tool, which facilitated the application of large-scale sanitary practices.

The project activities were organised in nine work packages (WPs) which undertook successfully the following tasks:
1. Definition of criteria for identification of key actors, assessment and classification of settlements with no sanitation access and evaluation and classification of alternative technologies.
2. Regional evaluation and classification in typical settlements, along with selection of representative case study sites. The sites had obvious distinctions in geophysical, economical, social and administrative factors.
3. Sanitation technologies assessment, which involved the development of seven principal sanitation systems. Feasible technology components and configurations were established according to these systems and described with respect to their key features and characteristics.
4. Identification of potential sustainable alternatives and of the related requirements, which were essential for the finalisation of the selected methods.
5. Regional identification of possible sanitation providers and actors, which was elaborated using adequately prepared questionnaires. A database of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) operating in West Africa was created so as to improve SMEs market performance.
6. Development of adapted sustainable sanitation management systems. Two tools were created, namely a decision support system and a relevant guiding document, in order to facilitate stakeholders in decision making, planning, installing and properly implementing the most appropriate technologies in any given case.
7. Activities coordination, which included review of R&D operations both within and outside NETSSAF boundaries, so as to avoid efforts overlapping. A public library was designed, providing information on sustainable sanitation and facilitating its implementation in the regions of interest. In addition, proposals for future R&D projects, implementation recommendations and suggestions for increased collaboration were provided.
8. Applicability increase and knowledge dissemination programme. The principal tools utilised for information communication were the project website, a series of workshops, educational programmes in academia, organisation of a relevant conference and production of leaflets, articles and other documentation.
9. Project management, both in terms of budget allocation and scientific coordination and support.

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This innovation is the result of the project

Title: Network For The Development Of Sustainable Approaches For Large-Scale Implementation Of Sanitation In Africa

Acronym: 
NETSSAF

Runtime: 
01.06.2006 to 30.11.2008

Status: 
completed project

Organisations and people involved in this eco-innovation.

Please click on an entry to view all contact details.

VEREIN ZUR FOERDERUNG DES TECHNOLOGIETRANSFERS AN DER HOCHSCHULE BREMERHAVEN E.V.

(Germany)

Role in project: Project Coordination

Contact person: Mr. HÄNEL Mirko

Website: http://www.ttz-bremerhaven.de

Phone: +49-4714832180

Contact

BIOAZUL S. L.

(Spain)

Contact person: Mrs. LORENZO LÓPEZ Antonia María

Website: http://www.bioazul.com

Phone: +34-951010598

Contact

BUREAU OUEST AFRICAIN D'APPUI ORGANISATIONNEL ET DE TECHNOLOGIES APPROPRIEES-BOATA

(Mali)

Contact person: Dr. DEMBÉLÉ Sidiki Gabriel

Website: http://www.boata.de

Phone: +223-2262559

Contact

CENTRE REGIONAL POUR L'EAU POTABLE ET L'ASSAINISSEMENT A FAIBLE COUT-CREPA

(Burkina Faso)

Contact person: Dr. KLUTSÉ Amah

Website: http://www.reseaucrepa.org

Phone: +226-50366210

Contact

COMMUNE DE BOBO-DIOULASSO

(Burkina Faso)

Contact person: Mr. YAMEOGO Evariste

Phone: +226-20976887

Contact

COMMUNE DE MATAM

(Senegal)

Contact person: Mr. DRAME Abdoulaye

Phone: +221-5547594

Contact

DEUTSCHE GESELLSCHAFT FUER TECHNISCHE ZUSAMMENARBEIT GMBH

(Germany)

Contact person: Ms. WERNER Christine

Website: http://www.gtz.de

Phone: +49-6196794223

Contact

EAWAG - EIDGENOESSISCHE ANSTALT FUR WASSERVERSORGUNG ABWASSERREINIGUNG UND GEWAESSERSCHUTZ

(Switzerland)

Contact person: Mr. ZURBRUEGG Christian

Website: http://www.eawag.ch

Phone: +41-448235423

Contact

ECOSAN CLUB

(Austria)

Contact person: Mr. LECHNER Markus

Website: http://www.ecosan.at

Phone: +43-6642248821

Contact

INTERNATIONAL ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING SOCIETY

(Switzerland)

Contact person: Dr. HEEB Johannes

Website: http://www.iees.ch

Phone: +41-793666850

Contact

INTERNATIONAL WATER ASSOCIATION

(United Kingdom)

Contact person: Dr. SAYWELL Darren

Phone: +44-2076545542

Contact

KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, KUMASI

(Ghana)

Contact person: Dr. ABAIDOO Robert

Website: http://www.knust.edu.gh

STOCKHOLM ENVIRONMENT INSTITUTE

(Sweden)

Contact person: Dr. ROSEMARIN Arno

Website: http://ww.sei.se

Phone: +46-84121418

Contact

SVERIGES LANTBRUKSUNIVERSITET

(Sweden)

Contact person: Prof. JÖNSSON Hakan

Website: http://www.slu.se

Phone: +46-18671886

Contact

TAMPEREEN TEKNILLINEN YLIOPISTO

(Finland)

Contact person: Dr. HUKKA Jarmo Juhani

Website: http://www.tut.fi

Phone: +358-331152772

Contact

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG HARBURG

(Germany)

Contact person: Prof. OTTERPOHL Ralf

Website: http://www.tuhh.de/aww

Phone: +49-40428783007

Contact

UNIVERSITE D'ABOBO-ADJAME

(Cote d'Ivoire)

Contact person: Dr. GNAGNE Théophile

Website: http://www.uabobo.ci

Phone: +225-05241476

Contact

UNIVERSITE DE OUAGADOUGOU

(Burkina Faso)

Contact person: Prof. BONZI-COULIBALY Yvonne

Website: http://cepape.univ-ouaga.bf

Phone: +226-50331460

Contact

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS

(United Kingdom)

Contact person: Prof. MARA Duncan

Website: http://www.leedes.ac.uk

Phone: +44-1133432276

Contact