Since 1994, in accordance with the article 7 of the EU Waste Directive (94/62/CE), every Member State is obliged to create systems for the recovery of waste packaging with the aim of addressing them to the best waste treatment options. From an environmental perspective, raw material used, energy consumption and emissions during packaging production are quantitatively comparable to the amounts consumed and emitted during the recycling of waste packaging materials.
To obtain raw materials from waste recycling, it is necessary to collect, transport, classify and finally process them, which requires the consumption of water, energy and additional materials. Thus environmental benefits of selective collection and recycling must be weighed against resource consumption and pollution.
The FENIX – Giving Packaging a New Life’ project aims at developing an ad-hoc flexible and user-friendly software tool based on highquality technical and scientific data for evaluating alternative scenarios for the management of post-consumer packaging waste, enabling the selection of more environmentally sound waste management practices.
The new FENIX tool assists Spanish and Portuguese local municipalities and waste management entities in the decision-making for performing more eco-efficient and sustainable management of packaging waste. This tool uses a life cycle thinking (LCT) approach by incorporating the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. Users of the FENIX tool can introduce and modify a large number of parameters, such as km travelled, selection between different collection and treatment options, plant efficiency, etc. to adapt the models created in the tool to their real situation. Up to three different and independent waste management scenarios can be compared at the same time.
• To create a user-friendly and flexible tool for easily obtaining environmental Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) results of packaging waste management alternatives.
• To show the usefulness of LCA to help public authorities in different aspects related to waste management issues.
• To compile a specific database and parametrized models on waste treatment and recycling technologies, for Spain and Portugal.
• To share the knowledge outcomes among other Spanish and Portuguese institutions (universities, technical institutes, etc.) aiming at facilitating the establishment on an Iberian network of experts on LCA and waste management.
• To create and adapt the new software to the user’s real needs.
• To transfer the results to other European regions, in particular, the applicability of the project has been tested in Federal Czech Republic