Innovation: Life cycle-based greenhouse gas emission factors for waste management

Last update: 11.07.2013
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Keywords: 
waste management, life cycle based assessment, greenhouse gas emissions reduction
Directly and indirectly, through their activities and the services they provide, municipal authorities produce significant greenhouse gas emissions. In principle, municipalities can change their working practices and methods of delivering services to reduce emissions, and can provide good practice advice based on these experiences.
Although people and organisations in general are aware of climate change and its consequences as well as of the required changes in their behaviour in order to mitigate and adapt to it, CO2 emissions are not decreasing rapidly enough.

Climate change mitigation is necessary but also adaptation to the consequences of climate change impacts and climate variability is important. The four cities of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area and regional authorities prepare for these consequences and prepared a regional climate change adaptation strategy.

PROJECT GOALS:

The Goals of the JULIA 2030 project were firstly to implement and demonstrate new methods, procedures and tools and to develop existing tools to assist the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland, in mitigation of climate change in the areas of public procurement, use of public premises, transport and waste management.
Secondly, the aim of the project was to prepare a regional adaptation to climate change strategy for the Metropolitan Area.
In the Julia 2030 project, greenhouse gas emission factors for 15 types of waste were identified. In the life cycle assessment of the waste management system, the environmental load imposed by collecting, transporting, processing, utilising and disposing of waste was studied.
For the households, a new waste calculator named KONSTA was developed. With the KONSTA calculator the households can assess their waste volumes and resulting greenhouse gas emissions.
A new model named EMMI was developed for forecasting municipal waste volumes. The EMMI model enables waste management professionals to predict trends in municipal waste volumes.
The tools for municipal waste management, the life cycle assessment and EMMI model, have been used to assess the environmental impacts of waste management and to target the factors that affect generation of waste more efficiently.

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This innovation is the result of the project

Title: Mitigation of and Adaptation to the Climate Change in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area - From Strategy To Implementation

Acronym: 
JULIA 2030

Runtime: 
01.01.2009 to 31.12.2012

Status: 
completed project

Organisations and people involved in this eco-innovation.

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HSY HELSINKI REGION ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES AUTHORITY

Field: Private and public administration, Sewerage, Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities, Water collection, treatment and supply (Finland)

Role in project: Project Coordination

Contact person: Ms. KANKAANPÄÄ Susanna

Website: http://www.ytv.fi/fin/julia2030/

Phone: +358-915611

Contact

CITY OF ESPOO, ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICE

(Finland)

Role in project: Associated partner

CITY OF HELSINKI, PROCUREMENT CENTRE

Field: Private and public administration (Finland)

Role in project: Associated partner

Contact person: Mr. POHJONEN Perttu

Website: http://www.hel.fi/hki/Helsinki/en/Etusivu

Contact

CITY OF VANTAA, CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS

(Finland)

Role in project: Associated partner